This includes bad breath, bleeding gums and infection in gums. In the early stages of gum diseases, the gums become reddish, swollen and can bleed easily, often during brushing. It is a signal that your mouth is unhealthy and needs attention.
During a regular check up your dentist will remove the plaque and tartar from above and below the gum line of all your teeth. If you have some signs of gum infection, your dentist may recommend more frequent checkups rather than the normal twice a year.
Scaling and Root Planing(SRP):
If your dentist finds that you have some bone loss on that the gums have receded from the teeth, the standard treatment is an intensive deep cleaning, non surgical method called scaling and root planning.
Root planing smoothens rough spots on the tooth root where germs collect and helps remove bacteria that can contribute to the disease.
Surgical Treatment/Flap Surgery:
In case of severe gum infection, i.e. Periodontitis, gingival flap surgery is performed. The gums are separated from the teeth and folded back temporarily. This allows a dentist to reach the root of the tooth and the bone till where infection has been spread.